The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician.
"Nelson Mandela, the 'Gandhi of South Africa had strong Indian connections".
14 The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed, one in the Kerala High Court and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court, challenging the "constitutional validity" of the awards.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly.A Special Division Bench of the Supreme Court was formed comprising five judges;.Under the terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, b the recipients cannot use the award as a prefix or suffix to their name, although recipients may use either the expressions "Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President" or "Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award".No posthumous Bharat Ratna should be given' says Congress veteran Dwivedi".The award was proposed by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to President.Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation.
"C Subramaniam awarded Bharat Ratna".
Archived from the original on Retrieved natural paper gift tags "Biographical note: Amartya Sen: Thomas.
Both petitioners questioned the civilian awards being "Titles" per an interpretation of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution.
Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Archived (PDF) from the original on Retrieved The President is pleased to cancel the President's Secretariat Notification.Archived from the original on Retrieved "Profile: Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar".Retrieved 5 November 2015.Archived from the original on Retrieved "SC cancels note on Bharat Ratna for Subhash Bose".Hoiberg, Dale ; Ramchandani, Indu (2000).Archived from the original on Retrieved Chatterjee, Saibal; Prakash, Amit (1996).Advani wrote to the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recommending Singh's predecessor Atal Bihari Vajpayee for the award."I have no hope of Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand now: Ashok Kumar".Archived from the original on Retrieved Tripathi, Salil."India's Nightingale Lata Mangeshkar turns 82 today".